D / S Stord I - A revived maritime cultural treasure
The steamship Stord I has operated the fjords in western Norway since 1913, and today, thanks to a lot of hard work and a good dose of luck, it is today an attractive travel and experience offer in Western Norway.
It is possible to use Stord I for e.g. to seminars, parties and and special cruises in the West Fjords and along the coast.
The boat currently has several salons, the historic 1st and 2nd class, as well as the women's and men's saloon. There is also plenty of space out on the deck.
- Length: 144.5 photo
- Width: 23.8 Fig
- Depth: 9.1 Fig
- Main machine: Triple Expansion dampmaskin (Laxevaags)
- Performance: 80 nhk / 470 ihk
Tonnage: 376 brt
- 1913-1969 Stord
- 1969-1984 O. T. Moe
1984-today Stord I
The boat's history
Stord is launched
D / S Stord was built at Laxevaag Maskin- og Jernskibsbyggeri for Hardanger Søndhordlandske Dampskibsselskab (HSD) in 1913. Stor »had promenade decks over the entire aft deck in 1st place and a well between the ground and the nave. The construction cost for the ship was 220,000 kroner.
Together with the sister ship, Rosendal, Stord was a lot smaller than the boats the company had received in recent years, and which were built especially with the increased traffic on Indre Hardanger in mind. Both Rosendal and Stord were intended for more versatile speed, both on the Sunnhordland, Hardanger and Stavanger routes.
With the rebuilding that was done on the HSD fleet from 1924 and later, Stord came last in line, in 1931. But then the work became all the more extensive. In addition to the well being rebuilt, Stord was extended by 3.3 meters amidships, between the cargo hold in front and the boiler room. With this, the midship superstructure was also enlarged with space for mail cabins and more passenger cabins.
Sunnhordland Snow grouts
Grunnen til den omfattende ombyggingen av Stord, var Sunnhordland Snøggruter som ble startet opp i 1928. Med stadig større økning av passasjerer og last, økte grunnlaget for kritikk. Kravet om bedre båtmateriell i ruten ble gradvis sterkere. Snøggrutet ble en stadig viktigere hovedåre i rutenettet i Sunnhordland og Nord-Rogaland, med korresponderende båt- og bilruter på hvert stoppested. Med dette vokste også kravet til punktlige ruter, noe som kunne være vanskelig når det var mye gods med båten.
In order to meet some of the complaints, the board of HSD in 1937 decided to increase the cabin capacity by rebuilding the cargo hold aft. But engineer Daae opposed this; he claimed that there were other boats in the company that had a greater need for rebuilding. Instead, in 1939 two new cabins were made on the front deck. And to get better speed, Stord got a new propeller.
The war years
Stord escaped easily from the war years. But it could easily have gone wrong during the big explosion accident on Vågen in Bergen when the Dutch cargo ship Voorbode went into the air with 120 tons of dynamite on board. Stord was at Holbergkaien in Bergen, and helmsman Johan Fleten at Stord, and Captain Lund at DS Ullensvang each got their own boat out of the harbor, with DS Aalvik in tow. The three boats were extensively damaged, and were immediately sent to a workshop. Stord had then had the wheelhouse and part of the interior destroyed.
From steam to diesel
Etter krigen var en stor del av båtene i HSD-flåten gamle og utslitte. Krav til større fart, skille mellom last og passasjerer og ikke minst høye kullpriser etter krigen, førte til at selskapet vurderte å bygge nytt. Men det tok tid å fornye flåten i det tempo som var nødvendig. Som en løsning på problemene med ulønnsomme kullfyrte båter, vedtok HSD å motorisere noen av dampskipene. Stord var første båt ut.
The conversion started in 1947 with engines from Davey, Paxman & Co. at Bergen Mechanical Workshops at Laksevåg. But the work took time, and only on 13 July 1949 could the motor ship Stord go on a test drive. On board saw a big change. In the engine room, the boiler and engine were gone, and two new green-painted diesel engines had replaced them. In the old machine casing there were two new 4-person cabins, and otherwise all furnishings in cabins, fairs and salons had been renewed.
But the conversion from steam to diesel was not entirely successful. Stord had a troublesome shake in the stern, which meant that she often could not complete the routes. This led to the plans to motorize the other boats in the company being shelved. New construction was the only solution, and in the years to come the old steamships were replaced with new construction.
Night route and spare vessels
From 1950 until 1959, "Stord" ran the night route between Bergen and Odda. In 1955, the boat was equipped with radar. After MS Kvinnherad was sold in 1957, Stord also had to serve as a substitute for MS Sunnhordland in Sunnhordland Snøggrute, where Stord himself had been the pioneer.
With the delivery of MS Hardangerfjord in 1959, Stord became a reserve ship for the company. Until 1969, Stord came to serve in the entire route area of HSD when other boats were being refurbished. The cramped cargo holds, and the old-fashioned way of unloading and loading, led to major delays in the routes, which were adapted to newer boats.
It was as a reserve ship in the Hardanger routes that Stord collided with Fred. The Olsen boat Bravo at Knarrevik just after departing from Bergen on the evening of October 2, 1962. The bow of Bravo hit the starboard side of Stord, just behind the bridge. By the way, Stord suffered major damage from the waterline to the bridge deck. However, Stord returned to Bergen for his own machine.
Lodge: O. T. Moe
On 27 August 1969, the time was out for Stord as a scheduled boat in Western Norway. Then the boat set course for Oslo. The buyer was Oslo Kreds of the Blue Cross. Stord became a dormitory and social center for alcohol-damaged war sailors and was named O. T. Moe. With the stern ship ashore, the boat was put up in Grønlia. A new era took place for the old fjord boat.
Homecoming to Western Norway
After 11 years, old Stord had made a profit in Oslo, and in 1979 was put up for sale. With the help of the Norwegian Veteran Ship Club in Oslo, the Veteranship Team Fjordabåten took over the boat in 1981, which renamed her Stord I.
In August of the same year, Stord I was towed to Western Norway. It was further decided that the boat would get steam operation and extensive work began. A steam engine was purchased from England, and after six years of hard work, the boat could again in 1987 go for its own steam engine.
Totally burned out
On 20 May 1987, D / S Stord I was on its way from Stord to Bergen to start its first sailing season. Just north of Sandvikvåg in Fitjar, a fire broke out in the engine room. The fire was first extinguished, but resumed after a short time, without the crew or fire brigade being able to gain control of the fire.
During the morning hours, Stord I was completely burnt out, and six years of hard work and a lot of cultural history seemed to have disappeared.
A light in the tunnel
Stord I was declared totally damaged by the insurance company. Many saw it as useless to start a reconstruction. However, closer examination showed that the boiler had only minor damage. The steam engine was also possible to repair. Based on the positive information that emerged, it was decided that Stord I should be repaired. The boat was returned from the insurance company, along with the sum insured. There was still a need for both more work and funds to get her back.
A long and time-consuming work started. Drawings and arrangements according to antiquarian principles were approved by the Norwegian Maritime Directorate. The project received support from the National Heritage Board, which declared Stord I worthy of protection in 1991 and allocated funds. The reconstruction project was also approved in collaboration with the Past Memory Association as a research project.
After a few years without progress, Stord I was towed to Bergen and Mjellem & Karlsen Verft AS, the same shipyard that had once restored Stord I started the work. The machine, which was on land, was repaired and taken on board. Extensive steel work was also carried out. The stern above the waterline, which was twisted during the fire, was corrected. New deckhouse, wheelhouse and steel deck came into place.
Stord I celebrates 100 years
A worthy veteran
Stord I is today a well-kept cultural treasure, and gives a good insight into what it was like to travel among the villages in the interwar period.