D/S Stord I – An enlivened maritime cultural treasure
The steamship Stord I has been operating the fjords in the west country since 1913, and is today thanks to a lot of hard work and a good dose of luck today it is an attractive journey- and adventure offerings in Western Norway.
It is possible to use Stord I for, among other things. for seminars, companies and and special cruises in the Vestlandsfjords and along the coast.
Today, the boat has several lounges, the historical ones 1. and 2. great, as well as the ladies and men's lounge. There is also plenty of space on the deck.
- Length: 144,5 phot
- Width: 23,8 phot
- Depth: 9,1 phot
- Mainframe: Triple Expansion dampmaskin (Laxwaags)
- Power: 80 nhk / 470 ihk
tonnage: 376 brt
- 1913-1969 Stord
- 1969-1984 O. T. Moe
1984-Today Stord I
The boat's history
D / S Stord was built at Laxevaag Maskin- and Iron Shipbuilding for Hardanger Søndhordlandske Steamship Company (HSD) i 1913. Big »had promenade tires all over the stern deck 1. space and well between ground and midship. The building price for the ship was 220.000 NOK.
Stord was with the sister ship, Rosendal, some smaller than the boats the company had been supplied in recent years, and which was especially built with a view to the increased traffic on Indre Hardanger. Both Rosendal and Stord were intended for more versatile speed, both in Sunnhordland- Hardanger- and the Stavanger routes.
At the rebuilds that were done on the HSD fleet from 1924 and later, Stord came in last, i 1931. But then the work became all the more comprehensive. Without the well being rebuilt, Stord was extended with 3,3 meter midship, between the cargo room front and the boiler room. With this, the midship superstructure also became larger with room for postal luggage and more passenger cabins.
The reason for the extensive reconstruction of Stord, was Sunnhordland Snowgruter that was started in 1928. With ever increasing number of passengers and cargo, increased the basis for criticism. The demand for better boat materials in the route gradually became stronger. The snow cave became an increasingly important main year in the grid in Sunnhordland and North Rogaland, by corresponding boat- and car routes at each stop. With this, the demand for punctual routes also grew, which could be difficult when there was a lot of cargo with the boat.
To accommodate some of the complaints, did the board of HSD in 1937 decision to increase the cabin capacity by rebuilding the cargo hold aft. But Engineer Daae opposed this; he claimed that there were other boats in the company that were in greater need of rebuilding. Instead, it stayed in 1939 made two new cabins on the middle deck. And to get better speed, Stord got a new propeller.
Stord, by the way, easily escaped the war years. But it could easily have gone wrong during the big explosion accident at Vågen in Bergen when the Dutch cargo boat Voorbode went on the air with 120 tons of dynamite on board. Stord lay at the Holbergkaien in Bergen, and mate Johan Fleten at Stord, and Captain Lund at DS Ullensvang each got their boat out of the harbor, with DS Aalvik in tow. The three boats suffered extensive damage, and was immediately sent to the workshop. Stord had then had the wheelhouse and part of the interior destroyed.
After the war, a large part of the boats in the HSD fleet were old and worn out. Requirements for greater speed, distinguish between cargo and passengers and, not least, high coal prices after the war, led the company to consider building a new one. But it took time to renew the fleet at the pace needed. As a solution to the problems of unprofitable charcoal boats, HSD decided to motor some of the steamers. Stord was the first boat out.
The rebuilding started in 1947 with Davey engines, Paxman & Co. at Bergen's Mechanical Workshops at Laksevåg. But the work took time, and first it 13. July 1949 the Stord motor ship could go on trial. On board saw a big change. In the engine room, the boiler and machine were gone, and two new green-painted diesel engines were replaced. In the old machine casing there were two new 4-man slugs, and otherwise all furnishings were in cabins, fairs and lounges have been renewed.
But the conversion from steam to diesel was not entirely successful. Stord suffered a troublesome shaking in the stern, which meant she was often unable to complete the routes. This led to plans to motor the other boats in the company, was shredded. New construction was the only solution, and in the years to come, the old steamers were replaced with newbuildings.
From 1950 and until 1959 went "Stord" in the night route between Bergen and Odda. I 1955 the boat was equipped with radar. After MS Kvinnherad was sold in 1957, Stord also had to serve as a substitute for MS Sunnhordland in Sunnhordland Snøggrute, where Stord himself had been the pioneer.
On delivery of MS Hardangerfjord i 1959, Stord went on to become a spare ship for the company. Until 1969 Stord came to serve throughout the HSD route area when other boats were refurbished. The tight cargo compartments, and the old-fashioned way of unloading and loading, led to major delays in the routes, which was adapted to newer boats.
It was as a backup ship in the Hardanger routes that Stord collided with Fred. The Olsen boat Bravo at Knarrevik just after departure from Bergen in the evening on 2. October 1962. The bow at Bravo hit the starboard side at Stord, just behind the bridge. By the way, Stord suffered major damage from the water line to the bridge deck. However, Stord returned to Bergen for his own machine.
The 27. august 1969 the time was out for Stord as a liner in Western Norway. Then the boat set course for Oslo. The buyer was the Oslo Circle of the Blue Cross. Stord became accommodating- and Social Center for Alcoholic War Sailors and was named O. T. Moe. With the stern to land, the boat was laid up in Greenland. A new era began for the old fjord boat.
After 11 years old Stord had made use of himself in Oslo, and stayed in 1979 put up for sale. With the help of the Norwegian Veterans Ship Club in Oslo, the veteranship team Fjordabåten got the boat in 1981, who renamed her Stord I.
In August of that year, Stord I was towed to Western Norway. It was further decided that the boat would be steam operated and extensive work took place. A steam engine was purchased from England, and after six years of hard work the boat was able to 1987 again go for your own steam engine.
The 20. May 1987 D / S Stord I was on his way from Stord to Bergen to start his first sailing season. Just north of Sandvikvåg in Fitjar there was a fire in the engine room. The fire was extinguished first, but recovered after a short time, without the crew or fire department able to gain control of the fire.
During the morning hours, Stord I was totally burnt out, and six years of hard work and much cultural history seemed to have disappeared.
Stord I was declared as totally injured by the insurance company. Many saw it as useless to start a reconstruction. But closer examination showed that the boiler had only minor injuries. The steam engine was also possible to repair. Based on the positive information that emerged, it was decided that Stord I should be repaired. The boat was returned from the insurance company, together the sum insured. Still, there was a need for more work and resources to get her back.
A long and time-consuming work started. Drawings and arrangements according to antiquarian principles were approved by the Norwegian Maritime Directorate. The project received support from the National Antiquarian, who declared Stord I worthy of 1991 and appropriated funds. The reconstruction project was also approved as a research project in collaboration with Fortidsminne Association.
After a few years without progress, Stord I was towed to Bergen and Mjellem & Karlsen Verft AS, the same yard that had restored Stord I in its time began work. The machine, which was on land, was repaired, and taken on board. Extensive steel work was also carried out. The stern across the waterline, which was twisted during the fire was rectified. New deck house, wheelhouse and steel tires came into place.
Stord I is today a well-kept cultural treasure, and gives a good insight into what it was like to travel among the villages in the interwar period.